Get active connections from Checkpoint VSX via SNMPv3

Abstract

In this post we'll learn how to get active connections managed by a Checkpoint VSX firewall using Linux and formatting them in a table. A few issues will be discussed also.

Configuring Checkpoint VSX

This post assumes SNMP is already configured on Checkpoint VSX firewall. If not, please refers to Checkpoint website

Testing SNMP from Linux

Before testing you should know how to import external MIBs to a Linux system and test them. Because usually MIBs found around Internet may or may not working fine, I suggest to give a look to my MIB repository.

All Linux SNMP commands check for a MIBDIR environment variable. On my script I prefer a local custom MIB repository:

client$ export MIBDIRS=/home/andrea/.snmp/mibs
client$ snmpwalk -mALL -v3 -l authNoPriv -a MD5 -A password -u user 10.0.0.2 sysName
SNMPv2-MIB::sysName.0 = STRING: FW1

SNMP is correctly configured on Checkpoint VSX and we can get the system name. We’ll use the following OID: i.1.3.6.1.4.1.2620.1.16.23.1.1. iJust for testing, we can translate it using MIBS:

client$ snmptranslate -mALL .1.3.6.1.4.1.2620.1.16.23.1.1
CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersEntry

And back:

client$ snmptranslate -mALL -TB vsxCountersEntrybash
CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersEntry
client$ snmptranslate -mALL -On CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersEntry
.1.3.6.1.4.1.2620.1.16.23.1.1

Let’s test it:

client$ snmpwalk -mALL -v3 -l authNoPriv -a MD5 -A password -u user 10.0.0.2 vsxCountersEntry
CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersVSId.1.0 = Counter32: 0
CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersVSId.2.0 = Counter32: 1
CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersVSId.10.0 = Counter32: 9
CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersConnNum.1.0 = Counter32: 270
CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersConnNum.2.0 = Counter32: 40931
CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersConnPeakNum.1.0 = Counter32: 696
CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersConnPeakNum.2.0 = Counter32: 48773
CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersConnTableLimit.1.0 = Counter32: 14900
CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersConnTableLimit.2.0 = Counter32: 99900
CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersPackets.1.0 = STRING: 5791595
CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersPackets.2.0 = STRING: 494016323
CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersDroppedTotal.1.0 = STRING: 71867
CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersDroppedTotal.2.0 = STRING: 1006741
CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersAcceptedTotal.1.0 = STRING: 5719728
CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersAcceptedTotal.2.0 = STRING: 493009582
CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersRejectedTotal.1.0 = STRING: 0
CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersRejectedTotal.2.0 = STRING: 0
CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersBytesAcceptedTotal.1.0 = STRING: 3821802634
CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersBytesAcceptedTotal.2.0 = STRING: 464996253770
CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersBytesDroppedTotal.1.0 = STRING: 4984422
CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersBytesDroppedTotal.2.0 = STRING: 200770403
CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersBytesRejectedTotal.1.0 = STRING: 0
CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersBytesRejectedTotal.2.0 = STRING: 0
CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersLoggedTotal.1.0 = STRING: 12119
CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersLoggedTotal.2.0 = STRING: 9440326
CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersIsDataValid.1.0 = Counter32: 1
CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersIsDataValid.2.0 = Counter32: 4294967295

If you get errors like the following:

CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersVSId.1.0 = Wrong Type (should be INTEGER): Counter32: 0

Now we can get the data as a table:

client$ snmptable -mALL -v3 -l authNoPriv -a MD5 -A password -u user -Cf , 10.0.0.2 .1.3.6.1.4.1.2620.1.16.23.1 | cut -d',' -f1-4 | column -t -s','
SNMP table: CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersTable
vsxCountersVSId                               vsxCountersConnNum  vsxCountersConnPeakNum  vsxCountersConnTableLimit
0                                             198                 696                     14900
1                                             40236               48773                   99900

If you get no data from instances grated than zero, you should edit a file:

[Expert@Hostname:0]# echo 30 > $FWDIR/conf/amon_vsx_refresh_interval
[Expert@HostName:0]# service snmpd restart 

If you get the following error:

Was that a table? CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersEntry

Be sure you’re getting .1.3.6.1.4.1.2620.1.16.23.1 OID, not .1.3.6.1.4.1.2620.1.16.23.1.1, not CHECKPOINT-MIB::vsxCountersEntry.

References

Posted on 18 May 2016 by Andrea.
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