Shrinking VMware VMDK virtual hard disks

Abstract

In this post we'll see how to shrink a virtual (VMDK) disk before release the OVF/OVA image.

Developing a VM which will be distributed online, require to save space. After deleting cache, log files and so on, vmdk files won’t became smaller.

Here how vmdk disks can be shrinked:

  • (obviously) free all space you can;
  • zero (set to zero) free blocks;
  • manually shrink your vmdk disk.

Under Linux free block can be set to zero creating the biggest zeroed file disk can fit:

# dd if=/dev/zero of=zeroedfile
# rm -f zeroedfile

This procedure will securely delete all previously deleted file. In other words all deleted files became irrecoverable.

Under Windows sdelete from Microsoft can be used, and it securely delete all previously deleted files:

C:>sdelete -c C:

Now vmdk disks became larger. They can be shrinked using vmware-vdiskmanager.exe from VMware vSphere 5.0 Virtual Disk Development Kit:

C:>vmware-vdiskmanager.exe -k "c:UsersadaineseVirtual Machinesvmvm.vmdk"

Now vmdk should be smaller.

Posted on 10 May 2012.
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